Baseball Cap

A baseball cap is a type of soft cap with a rounded crown and a stiff peak projecting in front. The front of the cap typically contains designs or logos of sports teams. The back of the cap may be “fitted” to the wearer’s head size or it may have a plastic, Velcro, or elastic adjuster so that it can be quickly adjusted to fit different wearers. The baseball cap is a part of the traditional baseball uniform worn by players, with the brim pointing forward to shield the eyes from the sun. Since the 1980s varieties of the cap have become a common fashion accessory, particularly in the United States. Baseball caps are made of many types of material and shaped in various styles for different purposes. Major and minor league baseball players wear classic-style caps made of wool(or, more recently, polyester) with their team’s simple logo and colors; the logo is usually embroidered into the fabric.

Formerly, baseball caps only came in standard hat sizes. Since 1980, they have also been available in a one-size-fits-all form, with an adjustment strap in the back. The style, commonly called snapback, has become increasingly popular as fashion accessories. Advances in textiles have led to the “stretch-fit” hat, which uses Lycra or rubber to allow a hat to have a fitted style while still being “adjustable” within sizes. The front may be soft, or may be stiffened by buckram to display a logo more clearly. Another version of the baseball cap is a plastic mesh cap with a foam front imprinted with a company logo. This style is sometimes called a trucker cap or a “gimme cap” because it is given away for free as a promotional item. Recently, celebrities brought up dad hat which is slightly different from a regular league baseball cap. Dad hats are unstructured caps with low profile, curved brim, and stripe on the back.

We can distinguish 3 major types of baseball caps:

1. Snapback hat – with flat brim, high profile, adjustable.

2. Dad hat – unstructured, low profile, curved brim, adjustable.

3. Fitted hat – flat brim, structured cap, high profile, not adjustable.

Fitted baseball caps, those without an adjuster, are normally sewn in six sections, and may be topped with a matching fabric-covered button(also called a squatchee) on the crown. Metal grommets or fabric eyelets are often sewn or attached near the top of each of the six sections of fabric to provide ventilation. In some cases, the rear sections of the crown are made of net-like mesh material for extra ventilation. The peak is typically stiffened by a sewn-in piece of paperboard or stiff plastic.